NHS FPX5003 Assessment 1 Identifying Community Health Needs
Assessment 1: Identifying Community Health Needs
Month Date, Year
Identifying Community Health Needs
The primary duty of health professionals across the world is to give sufficient service to society by offering evidence-based learning, disclosing health occurrences, and giving health improvement and disease preventative emphasis. It is crucial to fully comprehend the demographics and the way each region may be serviced to produce locally adequate treatment and accurately analyze a society’s health requirements. The most effective approach to evaluating a community requires conducting a health assessment, where various sorts of data are gathered, considerations are taken into consideration, and the authenticity and credibility of the findings are understood (Akintobi et al.,2019). This article will discuss various data collection methods and methodologies as well as how public healthcare evaluation would influence the growth of medicine throughout this region.
Demographics in Illinois
Midwestern states in America include Illinois. The town center is Chicago, while Springfield serves as the state’s capital. Illinois ranks 25th in terms of geographical region, 6 in terms of population, and 5 in terms of GDP per capita out of the 50 states in the United States. There are 12.7 million people living in Illinois, among whom 93.6 per cent are inhabitants. In Illinois, since about 2019, 14.2 per cent of the population was foreign-born (Illinois Population, 2022). In Illinois according to the reports of 2019, people live with an average age of 38.6 as well as typical family earnings of $69,187 Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (13.9%), White (Hispanic) (10.7%), White (Non-Hispanic) (60.7%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (5.6%), and some other are the top 5 racial groupings in Illinois. In 23.3 per cent of Illinois homes, the predominant spoken language is English. Americans make up 93.6 per cent of Illinois’ population (U.S. Census Bureau, 2021).
Patterns and Trends in the Demographic Reports
Records from the 2020 census, which were just made public by the U.S. Census Bureau, provide a window into changes in the region’s population and demography. Geographical, racial, and cultural variations in population changes were observed in Illinois. The Hispanic and Asian populations have increased significantly, further diversifying the area. However, the CMAP territory still lags beyond several other significant metropolitan regions due to ongoing net losses in the population of Black and White citizens (Mrachina, 2022).
Mexicans make up the great bulk of the Hispanic population in Illinois. 578,100 City of Chicago people had entire or partial Mexican ancestry according to the 2021 United states census. Hispanics surpassed Blacks in population density in 2020 to emerge as the city’s largest minority group, with non-Hispanic Whites accounting for 32.6% of the overall population, followed by Hispanics at 29.7% and Blacks at 29.3%. Since there is less division amongst Hispanics and non-Hispanic White people than exists between Black people and non-Hispanic White people, the significant Hispanic population is relatively contemporary (U.S. Census Bureau, 2021).
Identified Health Concern
Diabetes is a dangerous persistent condition that causes significant health issues. In the US, diabetes affects around 30.3 million individuals. About 341,000 of the 1.3 million individuals in Illinois who have diabetes or 12.5% of the population are unaware of their condition. Prediabetes affects 86 million Americans, 3.6 million of whom reside in Illinois. The 7th largest reason for mortality both federally and in Illinois is diabetes. Diabetes increases the risk of cardiovascular problems, strokes, cataracts, renal failure, oral ailments, and patellofemoral mutilations among those who have it. All ages, races, and ethnicities are susceptible to diabetes and its consequences (IDPH, 2021).
In Illinois, 3,393,000 adults, or 36 per cent of the total elderly population, suffer from prediabetes, which is marked by elevated blood glucose levels. In Illinois, 88,406 persons are thought to receive a diabetes diagnosis each year. The cost of medical care for diabetics is around 2.3 times more than for non-diabetics. In Illinois, the total cost of direct medical costs for people with diabetes in 2017 was estimated at $8.7 billion (Ryan, et al.,2020). Additionally, $3.2 billion was expended on secondary expenditures related to diabetes-related decreased productivity. Diabetes-related research programs in Illinois received grants of about $71,959,844 from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases in 2020 (Jansen et al.,2019).
Groups Impacted by Lack of Health Care
The 2018 BRFSS found that diabetes prevalence rises with ageing. 17.3% of diabetic individuals in Illinois are aged between the ages of 44 and 65, and 19.8% are aged 65 or older. Females are more likely than males to have diabetes. Diabetes is more common in several subgroups of the population. Compared to white people, non-whites had a greater prevalence of impaired glucose tolerance in 2018 (ADA, 2021). In comparison to non-Hispanics/Latinos, Hispanics/Latinos have an increased incidence. Additionally, compared to those who do not have an impairment, those with disabilities have a greater rate of adults with diabetes. Since there are inadequate healthcare facilities there, remote areas are frequently neglected.
As a result, there are few chances for rural populations to take part in initiatives for preventing and controlling diseases. Since 2015, the Illinois Routes to Health care program has received funding from the Agency for Community Living to construct evidence-based Chronic Condition Self-Management Programs) in demographically challenged communities of Illinois (IDPH, 2021).
Communicating Demographic Data and Health Needs
If the public has the purpose of modifying their lifestyles, and incorporating nutrition and physical activity, the cure and prevention of diabetes will be more successful. As a result, to achieve the intended effects among Hispanic and Latino populations, pharmaceutical treatments should be combined with lifestyle modifications. Even though several projects have been launched to educate communities about the advantages of a healthy diet and exercise, there is still mistrust between different communities suffering from it. Suggestions have been made by therapists to change the food (Rinker et al.,2018). As reports showed that Hispanics and Latino would keep eating foods laden with carbohydrates like pasta & cheeses and grains. Furthermore, most typical foods consumed by these communities are deficient in nutrients like fibre and vegetables with green leaves that aid in managing glucose levels and cholesterol. To boost healthcare amongst minorities and control diabetes, the Affordable Care Act (ACA) program to support these people is crucial. It is important to remember that patients in these areas have less financial capability than other residents, making it difficult for them to pay for their coverage. Patients are compelled to rely on government assistance for accommodation, food, and medications (Ingram et al.,2018).
Medical practitioners actively support well-being by educating the public and offering scientifically supported approaches to disease management. The first step to make sure the achievement of goals and objectives results is to interpret and evaluate demographic factors, considering the prevailing diabetic population in Illinois communities. A condition is not only a result of an accident; it is also affected by social, socioeconomic, ecological, and biological elements. To deliver proper facilities and diabetes treatment to these populations, it is crucial to evaluate cultural or ethnic factors.
Akintobi, T. H., Lockamy, E., Goodin, L., Hernandez, N. D., Slocumb, T., Blumenthal, D., Braithwaite, R., Leeks, L., Rowland, M., Cotton, T., & Hoffman, L. (2018). Processes and Outcomes of a Community-Based Participatory Research-Driven Health Needs Assessment: A Tool for Moving Health Disparity Reporting to Evidence-Based Action. Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action, 12(1S), 139–147. https://doi.org/10.1353/cpr.2018.0029
Illinois | ADA. (2021). American Diabetes Association. Retrieved 2022, from https://www.diabetes.org/get-involved/community/local-offices/chicago-illinois
Illinois Diabetes Prevention and Control Program Diabetes. (2021).. Retrieved 2022, from https://dph.illinois.gov/topics-services/diseases-and-conditions/diabetes.html
Illinois Population 2022 (Demographics, Maps, Graphs). (2022). World Population Review. https://worldpopulationreview.com/states/illinois-population
Ingram, D., Johnson, R., Davis, P., Greer-Smith, R., Gordon, S., Rogers, B., & Bryant-Moore, K. (2018, November). Prioritizing health conditions and health factors of importance to faith-based communities: Results from a survey administered by faith-based community members in Illinois and Arkansas. In APHA’s 2018 Annual Meeting & Expo (Nov. 10-Nov. 14). APHA.
Jansen, T., Aguayo, L., Whitacre, J., Bobitt, J., Payne, L., & Schwingel, A. (2019). Diabetes Disparities In Illinois. Preventing Chronic Disease, 16, E19. https://doi.org/10.5888/pcd16.180154
Mrachina, J. (2022). Illinois. Data USA. https://datausa.io/profile/geo/illinois
Rinker, J., Dickinson, J. K., Litchman, M. L., Williams, A. S., Kolb, L. E., Cox, C., & Lipman, R. D. (2018). The 2017 Diabetes Educator and the Diabetes Self-Management Education National Practice Survey. The Diabetes educator, 44(3), 260–268. https://doi.org/10.1177/0145721718765446
Ryan, D., Burke, S. D., Litchman, M. L., Bronich-Hall, L., Kolb, L., Rinker, J., & Yehl, K. (2020). Competencies for Diabetes Care and Education Specialists. The Diabetes Educator, 46(4), 384–397. https://doi.org/10.1177/0145721720931092
U.S. Census Bureau. (2021, October 8). Illinois Population Down 0.1% in 2020. Census.Gov. https://www.census.gov/library/stories/state-by-state/illinois-population-change-between-census-decade.html